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The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Information from Embassy of the People's Republic of Bangladesh to China

Official name :
  The People's Republic of Bangladesh

Geographical Location : Bangladesh lies across the Tropic of Cancer, in the northeastern part of South Asia between 20o.34' and 26.38' north latitude and longitudes 88.01' and 92.41' east. 

The country is bordered by India on the west, north and the northeast, Myanmar is on the southeast and the Bay of Bengal is on the south. Strategically located, Bangladesh is virtually a bridge between South and Southeast Asia.

Principal Rivers :  Ganges/Padma, Brahmaputra/Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, etc. (total 230 rivers including tributaries).
Seasons :  Winter (November-February), Summer (March-June), Monsoon (July-October).

Mineral Resources :  Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite, silica sand, white clay, etc. (There is a strong possibility of oil deposits).

Capital City :  Dhaka

History in Brief
Recorded history is traceable to 4th century B.C. and shows clear evidence of a flourishing civilization with cities, palaces, temples, forts, seats of learning and monasteries;

  • 1200 A.D.:  Advent of the Muslims, periods of prosperity under Muslim rule;

  • 17th century - A time of economic well-being;

  • 1757: Beginning of British colonial rule;

  • 1947: Departure of the British from Indian subcontinent;

  • Bangladesh becomes "East Bengal/East Pakistan";

  • 1971: Emergence of the sovereign state of Bangladesh through an armed struggle for freedom.

Social life in Bangladesh is marked by rich traditions and  communal harmony. The population of the country currently stands at around 133 Million. Around 75 percent of the people live in rural areas while 60 percent of the population depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Rice and fish constitute the common diet. There are about 1.8 million minority people, the majority of whom live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The tribes maintain their traditional cultural distinction.

Official Language :  Bangla 

Standard Time :  GMT plus 6 hours

Currency : Taka/TK(US$1=Tk. 68.71) approximately

National Flag:

          The National Flag is in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of length to width 5:3 bearing a red circle on the body of the green, the red circle has a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. The background green symbolizes the greenery and the youthfulness. The red disc represents the rising sun of independence after the dark night of a blood-drenched struggle.

National Emblem:

          The National Emblem comprises a floating shapla-Water lily over the represented water from the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. The shapla is surrounded by a paddy-stalk on either side. Three inter-linked jute leaves, with two stars on each side of which, are on the top of the shapla.

National Anthem:

My Bengal of gold, I love you
Forever your skies, your air set my heart in tune
as if it were a flute.
In spring, Oh mother mine, the fragrance from your mango-groves makes me wild with joy
Ah, what a thrill !
What a quilt have you spread at the feet of banyan trees and along the banks of rivers !
Oh mother mine, word from yours lips are like
Nectar to my ears !
Ah what a thrill!
If sadness, Oh mother mine, casts a gloom on your face
My eyes are filled with tears!

National Flower:

          Water lily


National Animal:

          The Royal Bengal Tiger

National Bird:


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